Organizational Wellness

Sabbaticals: A Comprehensive Guide for HR Leaders

Nov 21, 2023
Last Updated May 10, 2024

In today's fast-paced business environment, employee burnout has reached epidemic levels. Offering sabbaticals — extended paid leaves of absence — can be a highly effective strategy for combating burnout and investing in employee wellbeing. 

Just imagine: Your star employee, after years of hard work, is feeling exhausted. They need a rest. If they can’t get it while working, they can easily choose to quit. Their loss — beyond degrading team culture — means your company loses valuable institutional knowledge and will incur hiring costs.

What if, instead of losing them, you offered a sabbatical? The change of scenery and routine allows them to clear their mind. They explore new places, try new activities, and refresh through quality family time. With newfound perspective and enthusiasm, the employee returns enthusiastic and full of ideas.

Leaders who are aware of the potential benefits (and pitfalls) of sabbaticals can help their organizations evaluate if this benefit is a good fit for the company. Leverage the following overview, best practices, and policies to gauge if this will work at your organization.


Understanding Sabbaticals

Before implementing a sabbatical program, it is essential for HR leaders to thoroughly understand what sabbaticals are, how they benefit both employees and organizations, and how they differ from other types of leave. With this foundational knowledge, HR can then build effective policies and processes to support impactful sabbatical utilization across the workforce.

What is a Sabbatical?

A sabbatical is an extended paid break from work, typically six to 12 months in duration, granted to employees periodically throughout their career. For example, a company may offer employees three months of paid time off after then hit their 10 year anniversary with the organization.

During this time, employees are relieved of their regular job responsibilities. They take time to rest, recharge, and pursue personal or professional development opportunities. Activities may include traveling, volunteering, learning new skills, or simply taking a break from the demands of work. It can be unpaid or paid time off

Benefits of Sabbaticals for Employees and Organizations

As you evaluate whether a sabbatical program is right for your organization, it is important to assess its potential value. Careful consideration of the pros and cons of sabbaticals can inform data-driven decisions around workforce management strategies.

For employees, the benefits of a sabbatical include: 

  • Reduced stress and burnout: The extended time away allows employees to reset both physically and mentally. This leads to improved energy, motivation, and overall wellbeing.
  • New perspectives: Stepping away from daily work routines provides opportunity for reflection and new ways of thinking. Employees return with a fresh outlook they can apply to their responsibilities.
  • Professional development: Sabbaticals offer time for advanced training, continuing education, research, or other skill building.
  • Work-life wellness: Employees can focus on personal relationships, passions, and interests outside of work. This often translates to greater happiness and satisfaction in the workplace too.

Organizations can also benefit from sabbaticals in various ways, such as:

  • Increased retention: Investing in employees makes them feel valued, making it less likely they quit. Sabbaticals are also an uncommon benefit, so the promise of one down the road can keep employees around.
  • Boosted engagement: Employees usually return motivated, energized, and committed after extended rest. This can directly impact performance and productivity.
  • Enhanced innovation: New experiences and perspectives sparked during sabbaticals lead to creative problem-solving and innovative thinking.
  • Stronger employer brand: Offering sabbaticals can differentiate you from competitors as an organization that cares about employee wellbeing. Considering that 93% of employees say their wellbeing is as important as their salary, a caring employer brand can help you attract and retain top talent.

Potential Challenges of Sabbatical Programs

While sabbaticals can provide many benefits, there are also potential drawbacks and implementation challenges to consider. With strategic planning, these challenges can often be mitigated. Things to consider include:

  • Operational disruptions: Employees being away for extended periods can cause continuity issues. Work may get pushed to other team members, delaying initiatives. Planning around this workflow shift will be required to make sabbaticals easy for those still working.
  • Financial costs: Paying salaries for non-working employees has a real cost, especially for smaller companies. Before rolling out a sabbatical program, you will need to conduct a cost-benefit analysis of paying employees during their time off. Employees are more likely to be able to utilize this benefit if it’s paid, but that is not feasible for every program.
  • Culture fit: Employees need to feel comfortable taking the full time off. If an organization's culture discourages time away, sabbaticals may be underutilized.
  • Perceived inequities: Clear communication of eligibility criteria is important from onboarding onward. This can prevent misunderstandings that lead to resentment between team members. As a sabbatical is a wellbeing benefit, the last thing you want is for it to create a toxic work environment.
  • Manager resistance: Managers may be reluctant to have team members away for months. Generating support for the policy will require HR needs to gain executive buy-in on the long-term value, which may require education.

Carefully weighing both the merits and potential pitfalls will allow for thoughtful sabbatical program design tailored to your organization's unique culture and needs.

Implementing Sabbatical Programs

Once the strategic decision has been made to offer sabbaticals, thoughtful program design and change management are critical to ensure smooth rollout and high utilization. HR plays a key role in establishing policies, promoting the program, gaining buy-in across the organization, and evaluating ongoing effectiveness. With careful implementation planning, sabbaticals can be integrated as a valued part of employees' career journeys.

Establishing Clear Policies

To effectively manage such a program, HR will need comprehensive policies that define eligibility criteria such as minimum years of service and performance levels required to qualify. The policies should clearly describe the application process and deadlines, specifying any approvals needed from managers. Compensation should be outlined, indicating whether sabbaticals will be paid at full or partial salary and how benefits will be impacted. Finally, return policies should reassure employees that their positions will be held and outline reinstatement procedures.

Effective Communication

Driving sabbatical utilization relies heavily on ongoing communication and promotion. HR can foster awareness of this opportunity by highlighting employees who are taking sabbaticals in internal communications. This can help everyone see the long-term value of sabbaticals, generating enduring support for the program.

Providing Encouragement

Employees exploring sabbaticals should be supported through transparent guidance on the application process. Setting clear expectations about responsibilities before, during, and after the break can facilitate smooth transitions. Above all, normalizing time off as a natural development opportunity rather than a special perk will encourage utilization.

Ongoing Evaluation and Adaptation

To optimize sabbatical programs over time, HR should regularly collect employee feedback before, during, and after sabbaticals to identify strengths and areas for improvement. Tracking program metrics like utilization rates, retention figures, and satisfaction scores can reveal evolving needs. Sharing this data (and any testimonials) on the positive impacts of sabbaticals with leadership and employees can maintain engagement.

These insights can inform periodic policy and process refinements regarding eligibility, compensation, applications, and more to keep programs impactful. 

Leverage Employee Wellbeing

Sabbaticals can be a powerful tool for reducing burnout and improving employee wellbeing. This ultimately benefits employers, as workforce wellness is foundational to company performance: Departments with engaged workers turn a profit 23% higher than those staffed with miserable employees.

This foundational connection between wellness and performance is why nine out of 10 companies that track the impact of their wellbeing see a positive return on investment.

To learn more about delivering holistic wellbeing programs, reach out to a Wellbeing Specialist today. Together we can build a flourishing, engaged workforce!

Company healthcare costs drop by up to 35% with Wellhub! (* Based on proprietary research comparing healthcare costs of active Wellhub users to non-users.) Talk to a Wellbeing Specialist to see how we can help reduce your healthcare spending!



Wellhub Editorial Team

The Wellhub Editorial Team empowers HR leaders to support worker wellbeing. Our original research, trend analyses, and helpful how-tos provide the tools they need to improve workforce wellness in today's fast-shifting professional landscape.


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